Skip to main content

News about Scitation

In December 2016 Scitation will launch with a new design, enhanced navigation and a much improved user experience.

To ensure a smooth transition, from today, we are temporarily stopping new account registration and single article purchases. If you already have an account you can continue to use the site as normal.

For help or more information please visit our FAQs.

banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
The full text of this article is not currently available.
1. Amer, T. S. , Johnson, T. L. , Maris, J. B. , and Neal, G. L. (2013). “ The perceived hazard of earcons in information technology exception messages: The effect of musical dissonance/consonance and pitch,” Interact. Comput. 25, 4859.
2. Baldwin, C. L. , Eisert, J. L. , Garcia, A. , Lewis, B. , Pratt, S. M. , and Gonzalez, C. (2012). “ Multimodal urgency coding: Auditory, visual and tactile parameters and their impact on perceived urgency,” Work 41, 35863591.
3. Brock, D. , Ballas, J. A. , and McFarlane, D. C. (2005). “ Encoding urgency in legacy audio alerting systems,” Proc. ICAD 05, 190197.
4. David, H. A. (1969). The Method of Paired Comparisons ( Griffin, London).
5. Edworthy, J. , Loxley, S. , and Dennis, I. (1991). “ Improving auditory warning design: Relationship between warning sound parameters and perceived urgency,” Human Factors 33, 205231.
6. Guillaume, A. , Pellieux, L. , Chastres, V. , and Drake C. (2003). “ Judging the urgency of nonvocal auditory warning signals: Perceptual and cognitive processes,” J. Exp. Psychol.: Appl. 9, 196212.
7. Haas, L. C. , and Casali, J. G. (1995). “ Perceived urgency of and response time to multi-tone and frequency-modulated warning signals in broadband noise,” Ergonomics 38, 23132326.
8. Hellier, E. , and Edworthy, J. (1999). “ On using psychophysical techniques to achieve urgency mapping in auditory warnings,” Appl. Ergonomics 30, 167171.
9. Hellier, E. , Edworthy, J. , and Dennis, I. D. (1993). “ Improving auditory warning design: Quantifying and predicting the effects of different warning parameters on perceived urgency,” Human Factors 35, 693703.
10.ISO (2010). 24500:2010. Ergonomics—Accessible Design—Auditory Signals for Consumer Products ( International Organization for Standardization, Geneva, Switzerland).
11. Kendall, M. G. (1962). Rank Correlation Methods ( Griffin, London).
12. Suied, C. , Susini, P. , and McAdams, S. (2008). “ Evaluating warning sound urgency with reaction times,” J. Exp. Psychol. 14, 201212.

Data & Media loading...


Article metrics loading...



In human-machine interactions, the confirmation of an action or input is a very important information for users. A paired comparison experiment explored the effects of four acoustic parameters on the perceived confirmation of auditory non-speech signals. Reducing the frequency-ratio and the pulse-to-pulse time between two successive pulses increased perceived confirmation. The effects of the parameters frequency and number of pulses were not clear-cut. The results provide information for designing auditory confirmation signals. It is shown that findings about the effects of certain parameters on the perceived urgency of warning signals cannot be easily inverted to perceived confirmation.


Full text loading...


Access Key

  • FFree Content
  • OAOpen Access Content
  • SSubscribed Content
  • TFree Trial Content
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd