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Typhoon induced sediment warming has been proven important to coastal sound-field change in this study. It was observed that the temperature of the bottom waters off the coast of Qingdao increased by 5 °C after the passage of typhoon Damrey in 2012. Sediment warming due to bottom-water temperature increase was calculated and the change in sediment sound speed was estimated. Transmission loss (TL) was simulated both with and without consideration of the change in sediment sound speed induced by temperature variation and results showed TL change could be >10 dB within a distance of 16 km.


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