Index of content:
Volume 138, Issue 6, December 2015
- JASA EXPRESS LETTERS
Enhancing cell kill in vitro from hyperthermia through pre-sensitizing with ultrasound-stimulated microbubbles138(2015); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4936644View Description Hide Description
Ultrasound-stimulated microbubbles (MBs) were demonstrated to enhance cell kill from hyperthermia. Definity MBs were injected into wells containing 4T1 cells in culture media and scanned with 1-MHz ultrasound, an exposure duration of 30 s and a negative pressure of 0.5 or 1.3 MPa. Some cell samples were placed in a water bath heated to 42 °C for 5 min. Cell death was quantified. When combining MBs, ultrasound at 1.3 MPa and hyperthermia, more than 58.8% ± 7.21% of cells were nonviable. When exposed to hyperthermia alone or exposure to MBs and ultrasound but no hyperthermia, cell death was less than 10.1% ± 6.96% and 30.1% ± 10.8%, respectively.
Effects of voice style, noise level, and acoustic feedback on objective and subjective voice evaluations138(2015); http://dx.doi.org/10.1121/1.4936643View Description Hide Description
Speakers adjust their vocal effort when communicating in different room acoustic and noise conditions and when instructed to speak at different volumes. The present paper reports on the effects of voice style, noise level, and acoustic feedback on vocal effort, evaluated as sound pressure level, and self-reported vocal fatigue, comfort, and control. Speakers increased their level in the presence of babble and when instructed to talk in a loud style, and lowered it when acoustic feedback was increased and when talking in a soft style. Self-reported responses indicated a preference for the normal style without babble noise.