Volume 10, Issue 1, March 2015
Index of content:
- In Focus: Bio Surface Analysis
Synthesis and optimization of fluorescent poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide)-coated surfaces by atom transfer radical polymerization for cell culture and detachment10(2015); http://dx.doi.org/10.1116/1.4894530View Description Hide Description
Although there are many stimulus-responsive polymers, poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (pNIPAM) is of special interest due to the phase change it undergoes in a physiologically relevant temperature range that leads to the release of cells and proteins. The nondestructive release of cells opens up a wide range of applications, including the use of pNIPAM for cell sheet and tissue engineering. In this work, pNIPAM surfaces were generated that can be distinguished from the extracellular matrix. A polymerization technique was adapted that was previously used by Mendez, and the existing protocol was optimized for the culture of mammalian cells. The resulting surfaces were characterized with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and goniometry. The developed pNIPAM surfaces were further adapted by incorporation of 5-acrylamidofluorescein to generate fluorescent pNIPAM-coated surfaces. Both types of surfaces (fluorescent and nonfluorescent) sustained cellular attachment and produced cellular detachment of ∼90%, and are therefore suitable for the generation of cell sheets for engineered tissues and other purposes. These surfaces will be useful tools for experiments investigating cellular detachment from pNIPAM and the pNIPAM/cell interface.