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Photosynthesis and structure of electroless Ni–P films by synchrotron x-ray irradiation
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View: Figures


Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

Photon flux distribution as a function of photon energy: (a) derived white x rays at BL01A in NSRRC; (b) photon flux distribution at exposure position: for precursor solution (i) and immerged silicon substrate (ii).

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

Variations of the value of a Ni electroless solution as a function of the exposure time.

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

Thickness and P content of the Ni–P deposition films for different values.

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

SEM images of Ni–P films formed by irradiation with different values: (a) ; (b) (c); (d); .

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

XRD spectra of Ni–P films for different values: (a) 4; (b) 5; (c) 6; (d) 7; (e) 8.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

Near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectra of Ni–P films with different P contents together with standard reference.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Adhesion strength of our Ni–P alloy films on silicon for different values.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

Hypophosphite solution irradiated by x rays and the snapshot images after different irradiation periods taken at a speed of : (a) ; (b) ; (c) ; (d) ; (e) ; (f) ; (g) ; (h) ; (i) ; (j) .


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752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Photosynthesis and structure of electroless Ni–P films by synchrotron x-ray irradiation