(a) SEM image of VACNT film grown from iron catalyst film supported by a thermally oxidized Si substrate (growth conditions: Ar, , ); (b) 70° tilted sectional SEM image of VACNT film showing loosely packed vertically grown CNTs; (c) TEM image showing multiwalled CNTs of in diameters.
(a) Optical macroimage of an as-grown VACNT film from catalytic multilayers supported by -coated Si substrate; (b) SEM image of a VACNT film with uniform thickness and dense packed CNTs; (c) TEM image of CNTs with diameters, and the inset showing high resolution TEM image of a CNT with clear sidewalls; (d) TEM image of nanoparticles embedded in nanotubes, where the inset shows that only was detected to be the catalytic metals in EDX.
(a) Low-magnification TEM imaging used to measure the diameter distribution of CNTs; (b) distribution of diameters.
TGA thermogram of the CNTs from VACNT film.
Raman spectra excited from five spots on a typical VACNT film. The consistent and peak positions (1310 and ) and small variation of (1.39–1.42) indicate a high level of purity uniformity across the wafer.
Thicknesses of CNT films grown with different flow rates.
Techniques and properties investigated for development of the metrology standard for VACNT films.
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