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Comparative measurements of the piezoelectric coefficient of a lead zirconate titanate film by piezoresponse force microscopy using electrically characterized tips
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12.we have tested several different types of as-received conductive probes and the contact resistances between the tips and an Au film were always orders of magnitude higher than that from a good Au-coated tip.
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14.The details can be found in our previous study of indium–tin–oxide films; see H.-N. Lin, S.-H. Chen, G.-Y. Perng, and S.-A. Chen, J. Appl. Phys. 89, 3976 (2001);
14.note that the 1 kΩ output resistance of the D3100 AFM was unaware in the above work.
15.The DS345 panel reading is for a 50 Ω input and the actual voltage (as described in this work) between the tip and the bottom electrode is doubled.
16.A linear piezoresponse versus voltage curve due to cantilever–sample capacitive force has been observed with the use of a probe with a spring constant of 0.1 N/m in Ref. 11.
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