Mechanism of simultaneous formation of refractory-metal free and induced by -switched :Yttrium–aluminum–garnet laser irradiation
Computer simulated temperature evolution on surface after laser irradiation at an energy fluence of .
Computer simulated temperature profile vs depth into the sample at different duration.
Temperature profiles at the interface region.
AFM micrograph showing the topography of the irradiated sample.
Schematic representation of the operation of competitive phase selection kinetics which favors the formation of a metastable phase from the melt at low temperature in spite of: (a) the thermodynamic stability of . (b) Shows the temperature range for faster nucleation of phase, while (c) shows the temperature range for faster growth of the phase.
General trend of the phases formed in these three regions with the use of a micro-Raman spectrometer.
AFM micrograph showing the topography of the after being exposed to the laser beam.
GAXRD pattern of refractory-metal free .
Experimental results of by different techniques.
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