banner image
No data available.
Please log in to see this content.
You have no subscription access to this content.
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
Molecular beam epitaxy of metamorphic solar cells on mixed anion graded buffers
Rent this article for
View: Figures


Image of FIG. 1.
FIG. 1.

(Color online) P composition of samples grown under identical flux ratio at various values of (●). Fit (- - -) with model from Ref. 12. The composition dependence of on is minimized between 650 and .

Image of FIG. 2.
FIG. 2.

(Color online) Room temperature PL spectra of a graded buffer collected from various positions on a 4 in. wafer. PL emission wavelength remains nearly constant from center to edge of the graded buffer, indicating minimal -dependent composition variation at .

Image of FIG. 3.
FIG. 3.

(Color online) (a) Control of composition changes during mixed anion graded buffer growth. flux (—) is stepped to change the composition of each layer in the buffer while keeping flux (- - -) constant. (b) Samples grown under various flux ratios (◼) show that composition varies linearly with flux ratio at (- - - is linear fit to data).

Image of FIG. 4.
FIG. 4.

PVTEM of graded buffers grown at equal to (a) and (b) . Reduced TDD is observed at .

Image of FIG. 5.
FIG. 5.

(Color online) (a) Nomarski micrograph of FTs (streaks on surface) with a density of . (b) RHEED pattern along shows chevrons as a result of high-FTD. (c) XSEM of FTs reveals a depth of 100–300 nm.

Image of FIG. 6.
FIG. 6.

(Color online) solar cell under (a) zero bias with faceted trench running down image. (b) 2.0 V forward bias. Dark regions around the FT demonstrate the ability of these defects to quench radiative recombination.

Image of FIG. 7.
FIG. 7.

Schematic of optimized graded buffer to allow metamorphic growth on GaAs.

Image of FIG. 8.
FIG. 8.

(a) XVHAADF microscope image of . Dark regions correspond to Ga-rich domains, while light regions correspond to In-rich domains. (b) XVTEM image looking down the zone reveals strong phase separation contrast when . Insets show the diffraction spots taken at the , interface, and film. (c) XVTEM image shows muted phase separation contrast when .

Image of FIG. 9.
FIG. 9.

(Color online) (a) Schematic of metamorphic solar cell structure. (b) L-IV curves for both (—) and (- - -) cells. increases with increasing .


Article metrics loading...


Full text loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
752b84549af89a08dbdd7fdb8b9568b5 journal.articlezxybnytfddd
Scitation: Molecular beam epitaxy of metamorphic InyGa1−yP solar cells on mixed anion GaAsxP1−x/GaAs graded buffers