A procedure for the estimation of intrabeam hazard distances and optical density requirements under the ANSI Z136.1-2000 Standard
1.W. P. Roach, T. E. Johnson, and B. A. Rockwell, “Proposed maximum permissible exposure limits for ultrashort laser pulses,” Health Phys. 76, 349–354 (1999).
2.S. S. Charshan and B. A. Rockwell, “Update on ANSI Z136.1,” J. Laser Appl. 11, 243–247 (1999).
3.J. W. Ness, H. Zwick, B. E. Stuck, D. J. Lund, B. J. Lund, J. W. Molchany, and D. H. Sliney, “Retinal image motion during deliberate fixation: Implications to laser safety for long duration viewing,” Health Phys. 78, 131–142 (2000).
4.International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, “Revision of Guidelines on Limits of Exposure to Laser Radiation of Wavelengths between 400 nm and 1.4 μm,” Health Phys. 79, 431–440 (2000).
5.C. P. Cain, C. A. Toth, G. D. Noojin, V. Carothers, D. J. Stolarski, and B. A. Rockwell, “Thresholds for visible lesions in the primate eye produced by ultrashort near-infrared laser pulses,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 40, 2343–2349 (1999).
6.C. P. Cain, C. A. Toth, C. D. DiCarlo, C. D. Stein, G. D. Noojin, D. J. Stolarski, and W. P. Roach, “Visible retinal lesions from ultrashort laser pulses in the primate eye,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 36, 879–888 (1995).
7.W. J. Marshall, “Understanding laser hazard evaluation,” J. Laser Appl. 7, 99–105 (1995).
8.W. J. Marshall, “Determining hazard distances from non-Gaussian lasers,” Appl. Opt. 30, 696–698 (1991).
9.W. P. Van De Merwe and W. J. Marshall, “Hazardous ranges of laser beams and their reflections from targets,” Appl. Opt. 5, 605–611 (1985).
10.W. J. Marshall, “Laser reflections from relatively flat specular surfaces,” Health Phys. 56, 753–757 (1989).
11.W. J. Marshall, “Hazard analysis on Gaussian shaped laser beams,” American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal, 41, 547–551 (1980).
12.W. J. Marshall and P. W. Conner, “Field laser hazard calculations,” Health Phys. 52, 27–37 (1987).
13.American National Standards Institute, Z136.1-2000 American National Standard for Safe Use of Lasers (American National Standards Institute, New York, 2000).
14.American National Standards Institute, Z136.6-2000 American National Standard for Safe Use of Lasers Outdoors (American National Standards Institute, New York, 2000).
15.Illuminating Engineering Society, Lighting Handbook, 8th ed. (Illuminating Engineering Society of North America, New York, 1993).
16.R. J. Thomas, B. A. Rockwell, W. J. Marshall, R. C. Aldrich, S. A. Zimmerman, and R. J. Rockwell, Jr., “A procedure for multiple pulse MPE determination under the Z136.1-2000 American National Standard for Safe Use of Lasers,” J. Laser Appl. 13, 134–140 (2001).
No metrics data to plot.
The attempt to load metrics for this article has failed.
The attempt to plot a graph for these metrics has failed.
Article metrics loading...
Full text loading...
Most read this month